Math.php

This is a modification of the original 1.4.7 version; hopefully it will not bother rerendering when the .png file is missing, but isn't immediately needed. This should allow deleting all or part of the cache directory, without touching the math table in the database. The .png files will only be recreated as needed, and html-able formulas will be pulled from the database without TeX having to be invoked.

After correcting a minor syntax error, this seems to work... delete away! --Scott 04:20, 21 Sep 2005 (EDT)

```<?php
/**
* Contain everything related to [itex] [/itex] parsing
* @package MediaWiki
*/

/**
* Takes LaTeX fragments, sends them to a helper program (texvc) for rendering
* to rasterized PNG and HTML and MathML approximations. An appropriate
* rendering form is picked and returned.
*
* by Tomasz Wegrzanowski, with additions by Brion Vibber (2003, 2004)
* and a modification by Scott Morrison (2005)
*
* @package MediaWiki
*/
class MathRenderer {
var \$mode = MW_MATH_MODERN;
var \$tex = '';
var \$inputhash = '';
var \$hash = '';
var \$html = '';
var \$mathml = '';
var \$conservativeness = 0;

function MathRenderer( \$tex ) {
\$this->tex = \$tex;
}

function setOutputMode( \$mode ) {
\$this->mode = \$mode;
}

function render() {
global \$wgMathDirectory, \$wgTmpDirectory, \$wgInputEncoding;
global \$wgTexvc;
\$fname = 'MathRenderer::render';

if( \$this->mode == MW_MATH_SOURCE ) {
# No need to render or parse anything more!
return ('\$ '.htmlspecialchars( \$this->tex ).' \$');
}

if( !\$this->_recall() ) {
# Ensure that the temp and output directories are available before continuing...
if( !file_exists( \$wgMathDirectory ) ) {
if( !@mkdir( \$wgMathDirectory ) ) {
}
} elseif( !is_dir( \$wgMathDirectory ) || !is_writable( \$wgMathDirectory ) ) {
}
if( !file_exists( \$wgTmpDirectory ) ) {
if( !@mkdir( \$wgTmpDirectory ) ) {
}
} elseif( !is_dir( \$wgTmpDirectory ) || !is_writable( \$wgTmpDirectory ) ) {
}

if( !is_executable( \$wgTexvc ) ) {
return \$this->_error( 'math_notexvc' );
}
\$cmd = \$wgTexvc.' '.
wfEscapeShellArg(\$wgTmpDirectory).' '.
wfEscapeShellArg(\$wgMathDirectory).' '.
wfEscapeShellArg(\$this->tex).' '.
wfEscapeShellArg(\$wgInputEncoding);
wfDebug( 'TeX: '.\$cmd );
\$contents = `\$cmd`;

if (strlen(\$contents) == 0) {
return \$this->_error( 'math_unknown_error' );
}

\$retval = substr (\$contents, 0, 1);
if ((\$retval == 'C') || (\$retval == 'M') || (\$retval == 'L')) {
if (\$retval == 'C')
\$this->conservativeness = 2;
else if (\$retval == 'M')
\$this->conservativeness = 1;
else
\$this->conservativeness = 0;
\$outdata = substr (\$contents, 33);

\$i = strpos(\$outdata, "\000");

\$this->html = substr(\$outdata, 0, \$i);
\$this->mathml = substr(\$outdata, \$i+1);
} else if ((\$retval == 'c') || (\$retval == 'm') || (\$retval == 'l'))  {
\$this->html = substr (\$contents, 33);
if (\$retval == 'c')
\$this->conservativeness = 2;
else if (\$retval == 'm')
\$this->conservativeness = 1;
else
\$this->conservativeness = 0;
\$this->mathml = NULL;
} else if (\$retval == 'X') {
\$this->html = NULL;
\$this->mathml = substr (\$contents, 33);
\$this->conservativeness = 0;
} else if (\$retval == '+') {
\$this->html = NULL;
\$this->mathml = NULL;
\$this->conservativeness = 0;
} else {
\$errbit = htmlspecialchars( substr(\$contents, 1) );
switch( \$retval ) {
case 'E': return \$this->_error( 'math_lexing_error', \$errbit );
case 'S': return \$this->_error( 'math_syntax_error', \$errbit );
case 'F': return \$this->_error( 'math_unknown_function', \$errbit );
default:  return \$this->_error( 'math_unknown_error', \$errbit );
}
}

\$this->hash = substr (\$contents, 1, 32);
if (!preg_match("/^[a-f0-9]{32}\$/", \$this->hash)) {
return \$this->_error( 'math_unknown_error' );
}

if( !file_exists( "\$wgMathDirectory/{\$this->hash}.png" ) ) {
return \$this->_error( 'math_image_error' );
}

# Now save it back to the DB:
\$outmd5_sql = pack('H32', \$this->hash);

\$md5_sql = pack('H32', \$this->md5); # Binary packed, not hex

\$dbw =& wfGetDB( DB_MASTER );
\$dbw->replace( 'math', array( 'math_inputhash' ),
array(
'math_inputhash' => \$md5_sql,
'math_outputhash' => \$outmd5_sql,
'math_html_conservativeness' => \$this->conservativeness,
'math_html' => \$this->html,
'math_mathml' => \$this->mathml,
), \$fname, array( 'IGNORE' )
);
}

}

return \$this->_doRender();
}

function _error( \$msg, \$append = '' ) {
\$mf   = htmlspecialchars( wfMsg( 'math_failure' ) );
\$munk = htmlspecialchars( wfMsg( 'math_unknown_error' ) );
\$errmsg = htmlspecialchars( wfMsg( \$msg ) );
\$source = htmlspecialchars(\$this->tex);
return "<strong class='error'>\$mf (\$errmsg\$append): \$source</strong>\n";
}

function _recall() {
global \$wgMathDirectory;
\$fname = 'MathRenderer::_recall';

\$this->md5 = md5( \$this->tex );
\$dbr =& wfGetDB( DB_SLAVE );
\$rpage = \$dbr->selectRow( 'math',
array( 'math_outputhash','math_html_conservativeness','math_html','math_mathml' ),
array( 'math_inputhash' => pack("H32", \$this->md5)), # Binary packed, not hex
\$fname
);

if( \$rpage !== false ) {
# Tailing 0x20s can get dropped by the database, add it back on if necessary:
\$xhash = unpack( 'H32md5', \$rpage->math_outputhash . "                " );
\$this->hash = \$xhash ['md5'];

\$this->conservativeness = \$rpage->math_html_conservativeness;
\$this->html = \$rpage->math_html;
\$this->mathml = \$rpage->math_mathml;

# if we're not going to need the png, don't force a render if it's missing
if( \$this->_pngNeeded() ) {
if( file_exists( "\$wgMathDirectory/{\$this->hash}.png" ) ) {
return true;
}
} else {
return true;
}
}

# Missing from the database and/or the render cache
return false;
}

/**
* Decide whether the png file will be needed.
*/
function _pngNeeded() {
if ((\$this->mode == MW_MATH_PNG) || (\$this->html == '') ||
((\$this->mode == MW_MATH_SIMPLE) && (\$this->conservativeness != 2)) ||
((\$this->mode == MW_MATH_MODERN || \$this->mode == MW_MATH_MATHML) && (\$this->conservativeness == 0))) {
return true;
} else {
return false;
}
}

/**
* Select among PNG, HTML, or MathML output depending on
*/
function _doRender() {
if( \$this->mode == MW_MATH_MATHML && \$this->mathml != '' ) {
return "<math xmlns='http://www.w3.org/1998/Math/MathML'>{\$this->mathml}[/itex]";
}
if (\$this->_pngNeeded()) {
} else {
return '<span class="texhtml">'.\$this->html.'</span>';
}
}

global \$wgMathPath;
\$url = htmlspecialchars( "\$wgMathPath/{\$this->hash}.png" );
\$alt = trim(str_replace("\n", ' ', htmlspecialchars( \$this->tex )));
return "<img class='tex' src=\"\$url\" alt=\"\$alt\" />";
}

}

function renderMath( \$tex ) {
global \$wgUser;
\$math = new MathRenderer( \$tex );
\$math->setOutputMode( \$wgUser->getOption('math'));
return \$math->render();
}

?>
```